Septic Garbage Disposal Tank
A septic tank is a drainage tank that is normally put underground to treat wastewater through drainage and some biological processes of decomposition. These tanks allow disposal of dirty water in a safe and secure way and as a result, they are widely common in places that are off the main networks of sewage and also in places with poor drainage systems.
They have also been used a lot in rural areas as compared to urban areas because in most urban centers wastes are transported through sewage systems which are maintained by city and town councils, according to Valdosta Septic Tank Systems company.
HOW SEPTIC TANKS WORK
They work by collecting wastewater and excrement into a very big tank that is put into the ground in which one of the tank’s end is connected to a pipe that lets in wastewater and another pipe that lets water out into a septic field of drainage. The septic tank often consists of two chambers.
Wastewater enters the tank’s first chamber which allows solids to settle in the bottom of it and be digested to reduce their volumes and scums to float. The liquids flow into the second chamber where more solids tend to settle and finally where excess liquids drain from the second outlet into the septic fields of drainage.
CLEANING OF THE SEPTIC DISPOSAL TANK
Firstly, cleaning of these tanks should be done every few years. Smaller tanks should be cleaned regularly within one year.
This is because toxins accumulate and also because antibacterial substances may build up killing the useful bacteria that is important for the breakdown of waste.
It should be noted that many household cleaners build up solid waste in the septic tanks which leads to blockage and sometimes failure of the tanks. This is to say that cleaning of the septic tanks is very important and vital.
The septic tank requires maintenance like any other system and some of the measures that could be used are like: Avoiding excessive disposal of cooking oils and grease which can cause the inlets of toilets to clog and block due to problems with emptying of the septic tanks periodically.Flushing of things that cannot be biologically degradable such as cotton buds, condoms or even sanitary towels can cause clogging.
The waste that cannot be decomposed by the decomposition must be washed and removed from the septic tank. When the septic tank is emptied the accumulated sludge is vacuumed out through pumping and it should always be remembered that the septic tank is emptied depending on its size in relation to the amount of waste products that cannot decompose.
If a septic tank is not properly situated, a lot of problems can emerge especially due to the fact that septic systems require large drain fields.
MOST OF THESE PROBLEMS INCLUDE BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO:
FOUL SMELLS AND GAS EMISSIONS.
Wastewater constitutes of sulfates like hydrogen sulfide which is a very toxic gas, Methane which is a dangerous chemical, nitrates and other organic nitrogenous compounds which can be converted to ammonia.
Pollution of ground water, especially in areas with a high population when some of these septic tanks ruptures may be due to excess pressure, is also a very serious problem. This is more the problem because it’s expensive to construct ulterior sewers to accommodate a large amount of sludge in these septic tanks.
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